Hydrocyclones effectively remove weld balls, urethane sealer, steel particles, sand, glass, and any other solids and debris from cleaning tanks in automotive paint systems.
A major automotive manufacturer all over the world use hydrocyclones to reduce the number of weld balls in the e-coat process. In addition, hydrocyclones can be used for the topcoat application which leads to a substantial reduction in Starburst defects at spill out. The more efficient the cleaning process the more improved paint adhesion and improved corrosion performance.
Hydrocyclones are used to classify limestone ball mill discharge in the reagent preparation area of wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) scrubbers in coal fired power plants. Hydrocyclone underflow is returned to the mill for further grinding. Hydrocyclones overflow reports to reagent storage, from which it is pumped through spray nozzles into the scrubber. In the forced oxidation process, the limestone reagent reacts with absorbed SO2 from the boiler exhaust, forming gypsum as a byproduct. Gypsum slurry from the absorber is pumped to hydrocyclones to be dewatered from about 15-20% solids by weight to approximately 50% solids by weight. This thickened slurry feeds a vacuum filter to produce a filter cake that is used as commercial grade wallboard gypsum or sent to a landfill. Additionally, smaller diameter secondary hydrocyclones process the primary gypsum dewatering hydrocyclone overflow. The secondary overflow is a chloride/inert fines purge stream that is treated in a waste water plant to maintain the fines and chloride levels in the process.
Solids from Water:
• Waste water grit removal and clean-up
• Coke fines removal from cutting water and calciners
• Intake water and fire suppression water systems
• Solids removal from desalter water system
Solids from a Hydrocarbon Stream:
• Catalyst removal
• Wash sands from tank residues
• Refinery amine system to separate solids, metals, and coke fines
• Hydrocracker and fluid unit feed to separate coke fines from HGO/LGO product streams
Oil and Hydrocarbons from Water:
• Waste water clean-up
• Hydrocarbon recovery
• Oil removal from desalter brine
• Dewater amine
• Coke blowdown / sour water treatment
• Treat feed to sour water stripper
Solid debris such as sand, rocks, glass, pencils, bottle caps, and other debris found in the sewage plant feed cause abrasive wear on process equipment and can damage and adversely affect the operation of the digester. Deposited inorganic material causes loss of digester capacity and will eventually result in a complete plant shutdown for cleaning and renovation. Hydro cyclones are used for superior separation and worry-free operation to remove solids from raw sewage and are less expensive than gravity based sedimentation systems. The cost savings are amplified when accounting for total installed costs versus gravity systems.
Hydrocyclones are used in a wide range of applications in the food industry. Their primary use is for protecting downstream processing equipment and reducing contaminants in food. They are also used to remove solids from wash water so that the water can be reused and or lower waste and water disposal costs. The cyclones are a high efficiency separator that remove sand and grit. The overflow of the cyclone is usually the cleaned product and is recycled back to wash for reuse, and the underflow is the waste solids, grit, dirt and sand.
Hydrocyclones are used to separate floating from sinking plastics and also to remove glass, rocks, metal and other heavy trash from plastics. The plastic is chopped to about 1/4” and fed to the cyclones at 2% to 4% solids by weight.
Hydrocyclones are commonly used to remove sand from well water, rivers, lakes or the ocean. Removing the sand prior to filtration and settlers reduces maintenance and chemical usage in downstream equipment. Materials of construction can vary from carbon steel with gum rubber lining, and urethane to different grades of stainless steel based on ASME code, Section VIII, Division I requirements.
Hydrocyclones can be used for removing solids from scrubber effluent. By separating the solids, the liquid can be sent to the spray nozzles in the scrubber. The removal of the solids prevents the nozzles from plugging and reduces wear on the nozzles. The piping for the spray nozzles also is protected.
Krebs Cyclones have been used to remove glass shot from rock wool fibers and glass fibers. The shot is beads of rock or glass that form when the fibers are being spun. By removing the shot, the quality of the fiber material is improved.
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